Soon the first anniversary will be fulfilled as the country’s largest city, the capital of our Motherland, the city of Hero Moscow remained without trolley buses. On August 25 last year, a trolleybus movement was stopped in the capital. Our channel decided to deeper to consider this question and found both the pros and cons of such a decision.
Today in our country, Moscow trams, trolley buses and buses get other Russian cities free. The recipient only pays for the delivery of rolling stock from the capital. Nevertheless, many leaders of municipalities and urban transport enterprises, taking into account the high wear of the parking equipment, consider this distribution as Manna Heaven.
As you know, when a new team of Mayor Sergei Sobyanin appeared in Moscow in front of her, the titanic on scale task was to solve the transport problem of a huge megalpolis. Huge scale and complexity of work have been done. First, the construction and laying of roads continued, in particular, high-speed chords were built. A paid parking space was introduced, first in the very center of the city, then, within the third ring and below. But the most transformations touched the public transport of the capital. We will not talk about the scale of the metro-building and the introduction of new subway lines. We only note that at the end of this program, more than 95% of the population in the Moscow Ring Road should live in step accessibility from the metro stations.
And here, during the work of improving the organization of the movement of ground passenger transport, such a feature of trolleybus was found. It is tied to the contact network, a change of directions slows down its movements on trolleybus arrows, often braking the vehicle. In addition, the contact network is strongly worn, as well as power substations. All this requires large capital investments. This was stated by the head of the metropolitan transport complex Maxim Liksutov. Back in 2016, he stated: «We have an extremely worn trolleybus contact network, which, unfortunately, gives almost 30% of the loss of electricity. Billions that need to be invened to the update of the contact network, in the construction of new feeding substations, is, of course, will have an impact on the fare. «
In addition, the trolleybus contact network visually «pollutes» the city landscape.
It was when the construction of a system of an accelerated bus movement begins under the title «Magistral» began construction, the first removal of the contact network began in the capital. In 2016, Trolleybus was removed from the historic center of Moscow. Just about 30 km. The dismantling of the contact network was carried out on such central streets as a new Arbat and Vozdvizhenka, on the boulevard ring, the Kremlin embankment. As well as on the streets of Sretenka and Small Dmitrovka, Volkheonka and from the Kremlin Ring streets — Mokhovaya, Okhotny series, theatrical passage, New Square, the Karvarka, from the street, Barbarka to Moskvoretsky Embankment. And, of course, on Tverskaya.
Then the trolleybuses were replaced with new buses with heating, air conditioning, as well as EURO-5 environmental standard engines. Muscovites in principle swallowed this first stage of the «trolleybus pogrom».
But the events further began to develop in a different scenario. Then a new type of rolling stock was released on the scene. Surprisingly, how quickly and KAMAZ and the GAZ group presented their models of electricians. At the end of the same 2016, the first KAMAZ electric business was released on the capital’s office number 2 — «Aleksandrovsky Garden — Kuntsevo». At the same time, the test was the electricraft of Liaz. And after a year in 2017, the head of the capital’s transport complex of the capital Maxim Liksutov announced the plans of Moscow on the annual purchase of 300 electric buses per year and the refusal of buses from 2021. And here the situation turned out as a Moscow tram. What is our channel recently
Electrical structures Unlike trolley buses do not require a large length of the contact network. Moscow electrical workers with ultrabstroy charging, and the charging stations are located on the final. Their feature in lithium-titanate batteries, which provide charging for 10-18 minutes and make it possible to operate an electric office on urban routes of any extent.
Accordingly, these areas in the depot must urgently release. And how to release, yes, just distribute to other cities to other cities, where it turned out, such a free gift, as not yet developed a used resource of trolleybuses from Moscow, Rada in Russian cities, where the trolleybus park has long been burned, and wear is approaching 100% .
The first parties used Moscow Trolleybuses 2005-2006, gave the regional and republican centers as
But the biggest distribution happened in the Covia Day 2020. Then the parties of trolley buses from 20 pieces and more taken into such regional centers as
But the biggest party got
In his instagram, he wrote: «Last year they did everything to ensure that our trolley buses, which for many years have been replaced by trolleybuses younger. This decision allowed us to temporarily, but improve the condition of rolling stock. » Indeed, Saratov got relatively fresh trolleybuses, which worked in the capital just 3 years. This is primarily a model of welded MAZ.
Other cities got a rolling stock, consisting of Trolleybus «Optima» and «Megapolis» from 2005-2006. until 2011-2012 GV Production of the Trolza plant (formerly. Factory named after Uritsky) from the city of Engels Saratov region. Also, the trolleybuses of the old trolleybuses «Garden Ring» of the Moscow Trolleybus and Repair Plant MTPS in the Liaz Body are subject to distribution. Vologda trolleybuses VMZ brand «Avangard» and more recent Belarusian BKM-321 and weld-masses. It is noteworthy that in a number of cities for some reason, Moscow gifts have not yet come to the routes.
So Moscow helped three dozen cities of the country to update their trolleybus park. Well, the capital itself will be the «kingdom of electricians» for several years. In other cities, the country do not plan to kill trolleybus. Today there is another trend. Routes plan to produce trolley buses with autonomous stroke. Part of the route Trolleybus passes under the usual contact network, and then switches to the nutrition of lithium-ion batteries and travels through the streets of the city, where there is no contact network, that is, autonomously. This is a big advantage, for example, for laying routes to new residential neighborhoods.
Used photos from the site stts.mosfont