Goodbye, Ikarus.9 октября, 2021
The legendary Hungarian bus Ikarus will now no longer work on urban routes in the Russian Federation. Curious reader asks: Does these buses still work with us? Yes, it turns out to be in the capital of the Urals, the glorious city of Yekaterinburg, so far every morning the buses of this brand come to urban routes.
And the other day from Yekaterinburg came to the news: with urban routes, the latest operating buses of Ikarus will remove. A whole month before July 1, this year. They will serve passengers on urban routes No. 85, 95 and 57, and then, they will be sent to preservation «to demand». Notice, do not surrender in scrap metal, but weaken. Because the state of these 23-year buses is satisfactory.
So before our eyes, the history of the Hungarian bus Ikarus in our country is completed — an interesting and bright page of the domestic history of passenger traffic.
And the last lines in this story will list the city of Yekaterinburg. In the mid-90s of the last century, the World Bank gave Russian cities to solve the problems of urban transport. This problem in the country has greatly aggravated for a number of reasons. First, the engine plant burned to KAMAZ, which supplied almost all the banking enterprises of the country by force aggregates. In turn, the bus factories have experienced tremendous difficulties with orders for the manufactured technique. Municipalities that have become the owners of bus parks, there was no money to replace and update with rolling stock. Then, from the mouth of the mayor of Novosibirsk, Viktor Tolokonsky sounded an interesting phrase, which he answered the urban public to her question, why doesn’t he build a subway? The town of the largest city for the Urals replied: «I easier to buy 10 Pazikov than to build a subway.» This phrase, he described the process when our cities massively moved to the pubs, (grooves, small class bus), but in addition, the Gazelle minibuses appeared.
But the authorities of Yekaterinburg at that difficult time decided on credit bank and bought
According to one of the drivers, if you care for them, they would continue to participate in the transportation process.
Of course, on the Yekaterinburg precedent, the history of the Ikarus buses in the Russian Federation will not end. In corporate parks there are still oldest coffins of the tourist class Ikarus-256. But from regular transport of one of the largest cities of the country, Ikarus leaves forever. Farewell, Ikarus, you will stay in our memory for a long time, as part of the past life.
History, cast in buses
The first buses «Ikarus» appeared in our country at the end of 1956. Immediately after the Hungarian uprising was suppressed. It was the model of the urban bus «Ikarus-60». True, these cars entered the cities of the Estonian, Latvian and Belarusian SSR, in Russia, several copies in Gorky and Volgograd were exploited.
But the mass broke was the intercity bus «Ikarus-55». Then there was actually the bus in the country as today they would have told the tourist class and the «fifty-fifth» very successfully took her niche.
The rapid silhouette, the lantern on the forehead, soft folding seats, luggage shelves, a soft move gave some fantastic halo to this intercity liner. Not in vain, even in the name of the bus, this was reflected — Ikarus-55 LUX.
For the country of the Soviets, Hungary’s bus began to find a find and in the framework of the Council of Economic Mutual Assistance (CEV), this country began to specialize in the production of buses of various classes, delivering them to many fraternal socialist countries.
Already in the 60s, the first buses of the «Ikarus-180» appeared on urban routes. These were cars unprecedented for the country of capacity, as they were then called «accordion», for the articulation knot, made of rubber.
Also in large quantities in those years, a bus of the middle class «Ikarus-620» was supplied to large and less large cities. Its for the characteristic noise and vibration of the diesel engine was called «tractor.»
But the 2000 buses of Ikarus buses appeared in the 70s of the Ikarus buses that had appeared in the 70s years, which was the urban three-door bus «IKARUS-260», the articulated bus of the «Ikarus-280» high capacity, as well as a long-distance tourist class bus «Ikarus -250. In Hungary, they produced two enterprises — a plant in the suburb of Budapest in Matyashfeld and the plant in Temkesfeherwar. Ikarus could produce more than 15,000 per year.
With the collapse of CEV and then the USSR supply the supply of Hungarian Icaruses to not.
At the same time, used Ikarusi from cities of the former German Democratic Republic began to enter the country. One of them in the photo from Yaroslavl. They were not in poor condition, but surprised them in them a different and unusual location of the entrance doors.
In the 90s, the mayor of the capital Yuri Luzhkov, attempts were made to produce Ikarus 400-series at Tushinsky engineering factory. But after the default of 1998 and devaluation, the history of localization ended.
A year earlier, the World Bank provided a number of Russian cities to the renewal of the rolling stock of passenger transport. The Ural Capital Ekaterinburg fell into the number of lucky. For urban transport of Yekaterinburg, the articulated model «Ikarus-283» was chosen. It is noteworthy that the sets for the assembly came from Hungary to the Kurgan Bus Plant (Kavz), where the final assembly of buses was carried out. Buses turned out to be such a survival that their massively began to be written off only in 2016-2019, and only today there is a point in the history of Ikarus buses in the capital of the Urals.
But in Omsk, with the same loan, the World Bank made a bet on Cesia Models «Karos», including articians. But the model turned out to be less reliable and from the beginning of the decade it began to be written off. These buses are our channel