Ikarusi massively set for a fever.9 октября, 2021
For more than a month, Yekaterinburg’s city routes are not overlooking Hungarian Marka Ikarus. They stopped carrying out passenger transport from July 1, 2021. Hungarian buses Ikarus-283 served citizens more than a quarter century. And their park was perhaps one of the most numerous in the Russian Federation, excluding the capital.
The transport social activists of the city of Yekaterinburg in early July staged a trip on two accordion buses, symbolically, saying goodbye to the legendary bus in the capital of the Urals.
Now in our country a very small number of city buses of the Hungarian brand remains on regular routes of Saratov and Kursk (about 10 in each). And single instances of urban-type buses on regular transport and intergustic routes can be found in several regions. Single specimens are also found in departmental and corporate parks, more often than buses of the tourist class Ikarus-250. But in general, it should be concluded that
In this regard, it is worth reminding that
The reason for such unprecedented large-scale supply of passenger equipment of one manufacturer was the so-called socialist economic integration. The younger generation is unlikely to know about the fact of the creation in the 1949 international organization
As a result, over a few decades, international specialization of each of them was formed, according to which the USSR supplied cars to Zhiguli, Balkankar electric cameras were searched from Bulgaria, Poland was built by sea ships, etc. But Hungary in the framework of the SEA found its role as the largest supplier of buses, river vessels, medicines, vegetables, wines and other species of various industrial products, including electronic.
But among all Hungarian exports, buses stood in a special place, because in our country the priority was for public transport. And, as you know, the bus is the most massive look. Yes, and a figure of 142 thousand buses, says for themselves. Recall that over the years the number of imported
However, after the collapse of the USSR in 1991 and the broken crisis, expressed in a number of negative factors, such as the impairment of the ruble, high inflation, the impoverishment of municipal budgets, etc. The markets of post-socialist countries for Hungary were lost. And all this directly affected the bosomic production of this country.
But what is interesting, in the 90s, in the cities of the United Germans, there was a process of mass renewal of parks of urban passenger transport to new vehicles of the production of famous German companies — MAN, Mercedes-Benz, etc.
And since the fleet who went down the history of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) was equipped mainly by Hungarian Icaruses, set out in the framework of the socialist economic integration process, they began to be taken into our cities. In these models, the non-standard location of the entrance doors in the buses salons was surprised. Thus, the import used buses from the former. GDR somewhat extended in the time of the eyelid eyelid.
How to extended his Moscow mayor Yuri Luzhkov, whose order was organized
But still, how strong and reliable buses of Hungarian productions were not durable, they once had to work out the resource laid in them and finish their path from the fence of a fleet.
Massively this process began in the 90s, when buses were written off from the times of Soviet deliveries of the 70s and 80s, then continued at the 00s. It was then that the overwhelming part of the park of Hungarian buses in our country went down in history. And they came to their place
Ekaterinburg, in turn, was in a few other position. The fact is that his Icaruses «the most recent» in the Russian bus park. They appeared in the city on Heati at the very beginning of the second half of the 90s and were bought on loans of the World Bank. But the operating time on the city routes has expired.
As in the near future, the time of the last Kursk and Saratov Ikarusov will expire. In our eyes, it’s actually left the era of Hungarian technology. Today from this country they receive only
The half-century history of supplying Hungarian equipment to our country includes several types and series. Recall that one of the first and mass buses set in the USSR was a tourist class bus
In the mid-70s, it was changed by Ikarus 250 series. It became the most massive in the tourist class — 15,870 copies were imported. But the most massive supplies of buses in city routes became the most massive.
In the 60s of the last century, it was Ikarus-620 buses, Ikarus-556 and Ikarus-180. Already later, imports of more modern urban-type buses — Ikarus-260 and articulated Ikarus-280 began. So little Hungary helped the Great USSR to solve the problem of passenger traffic.