Initiatives for the development of hydrogen energy in the main countries and regions of the world

10 октября, 2021 от arto Выкл

Today, the development of hydrogen energy is among the priority areas in many countries. There are more than 50 programs aimed at stimulating hydrogen technologies in the world. The number of programs such as the number of sectors they encompass continues to increase.

So, the European Commission’s Hydrogen Strategy for Climate Neutral Europe (A Hydrogen Strategy for a Climate — Neutral Europe) predicts the increase in the use of hydrogen in the total energy balance to 13-14% by 2050. This increase will require significant investments. Including, 65 billion euros are supplied to the development of hydrogen transport. For example, the construction of 400 hydrogen filling stations will require 850-1000 million euros.

The European Commission believes that hydrogen is a promising solution, especially in cases where electrification is difficult. In the first phase, the introduction of hydrogen is expected to occur in city buses, commercial vehicles, including taxis, as well as separate areas of railways, where electrification is impossible. Also, due to large emissions of CO2, the use of hydrogen fuel cells should be encouraged on trucks operating on far-haul routes.

In the European Strategy Strategy Intellectual Mobility (Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy — Putting European Transport On Track For The Future), it is noted that manufacturers already invest in hydrogen fuel cells, first of all — for use in commercial transport, buses and heavy vehicles. In the same document, it is indicated that the program for the development of charging and refueling stations implies construction by 2025 half of 1,000 hydrogen gas stations, and 1 of 3 million electrical charging stations scheduled for commissioning by 2030

Australia.

Austria

Belgium

Brazil

Germany.

India.

The Republic of Korea.

Norway.

France.

Netherlands.

Portugal.

USA.

Japan.

In general, experts note, in the case of translating transport to hydrogen fuel, the demand for hydrogen will increase significantly. According to the available estimates, when using hydrogen fuel cells on all types of road transport, hydrogen consumption will be even higher than the estimated need for it for substitution of natural gas in the heating of houses. At the same time, strategic plans include a partial transition to hydrogen fuel not only automotive, but also railway, aviation and maritime transport.

Material provided NTI «Autonenet»