Plastic Trabant and other «autotroprases» of developed socialism

9 октября, 2021 от arto Выкл

Exactly 30 years ago, on April 30, 1991, the last car TRABANT 601 came across the TRABANT 601, the last car TRABANT 601 came down. So the most interesting page of the Eastern Block Auto industry was completed. This small car that has become a symbol of socialist Germany produced as much as 27 years.

With his conveyor life, this car has become a symbol. He personified the wealth and standard of living of the working people of the German Democratic Republic, as then spoke, the first state of workers and peasants in German land.

When the Berlin Wall in 1989 occurred, then immediately began to compare this level with what it was in Germany, that is, in the western part of Germany. It turned out that not in favor of the East. The press immediately appeared various caricatures on Trabant.

But in fact the car was unique for his time. What is only worth the fact that the car’s body was not made of sheet metal, but from Duroplasta — a mixture of cotton waste and resins. It is clear that the framework on which douroplast sheets was mounted, from traditional steel.

Under the hood for the entire production period, that is, from 1957 to the end of the 80s., A two-cylinder two-stroke air cooling engine was installed. And the two-stroke engines are known to smoke and eat a lot of oil. It is enough to be a little more oil than recommended by the manufacturer, and Trabant created such a smoke veil that in some cases a smoke checker would envy.

True, owners of cars Trabant such things worried a little. Then there was another environmental consciousness and, accordingly, attitude towards exhaust. As it should be for the socialist economy, even such imperfect cars were shortage. Ordinary citizens of the GDR were recorded for him. And some resourceful people used loopholes, in particular, the car could be purchased faster than retirees, so there were records of their own grandparents in the course.

Under the hood for the entire production period, that is, from 1957 to the end of the 80s., A two-cylinder two-stroke air cooling engine was installed. And the two-stroke engines are known to smoke and eat a lot of oil. It is enough to be a little more oil than recommended by the manufacturer, and Trabant created such a smoke veil that in some cases a smoke checker would envy.

True, owners of cars Trabant such things worried a little. Then there was another environmental consciousness and, accordingly, the attitude towards exhaust. As it should be for the socialist economy, even such imperfect cars were shortage. Ordinary citizens of the GDR were recorded for him. And some resourceful people used loopholes, in particular, the car could be purchased faster than retirees, so there were records of their own grandparents in the course.

In the late 80s, the designers from the GDR adapted the four-stroke engine under the hood. It was not its own development, it was a power unit from the Volkswagen Polo volume of 1.1 liters. For what had to take several design solutions. So, the benzobac moved from the engine compartment backwards, and the refueling was now carried out through the neck in the rear wing of the car. Such cars with a 4-stroke VW engine was released since 1988 only 38,865 pieces.

In total, more than 2.8 million vehicles left the Trabant 601 release of TRABANT 601. Until this day, only a small part of these cars produced under the TRABANT brand has been preserved. Sometimes there is no no, and on the roads of Germany you can meet this legend.

Our compatriots who served in the Soviet troops group in Germany, this car is not familiar to the hell. True, unlike crystal, carpets, the service «Madonna», which could be taken to their homeland in the USSR, Cars Trabant as the memory of the service in the GDR was impossible to export. Therefore, there were no these cars in Russia.

Another such «baby» was produced in Poland. True, it was not its own development, but a licensed Fiat. In Polish, he was called «Malyuh», which meant «Karapuz». And not wise. It justifies its supercompact dimensions of only 3.05 meters long. The three-door car was created on the basis of Italian Fiat 126, which was presented in 1972. And after a year in 1973, Fiat 126p (Polski) began to produce at the FSM plant (Fabryka Samochodów Małolitrażowych) in Belisko-Biala.

The popularity of «Malyuha» was huge, and therefore had to build a new car factory in the Upper Silesia in the town of Tychy. And another fact of the conveyor life of the car has lasted until 2000, 27 years old! A total of two factories came out of the gate of two Malyukhov.

On this car, even the Polish leader Edward Herose, however, after resigning from the highest party and state fasting. The Poles joked above this fact, because heroke was tall in two meters.