In the recently held international bus exhibition, BusWorld among exhibits did not have a single vehicle with a traditional internal combustion engine. This kind of event can be viewed as an indicator of global trends.
Of course, you should not get into the euphoria. Buses with ordinary diesel and gas engines, simultaneously and in the near future will not go down in history. But it is important for us that the World Trend will not bypass Russia. In principle, he already came.
After the capital of our Motherland, the city of Hero Moscow began an ambitious program of updating the park of urban electric transport and made a bet on an electric office,
Nevertheless, today 600 electric drives work at 45 routes of the capital, and during the year their number will increase by 400 pieces. Our channel has already talked about where Moscow trolleybuses were transferred, as well as that
KAMAZ caught a tendency in time and began to create and release electric buses. Today it is the actual monopolist in this area of production of the rolling stock of passenger transport. But competitors do not sleep and are ready to join the acute competitive struggle.
It remained unnoticed that competitors are preparing production capacity for the release of electricians. At the past in early June, the St. Petersburg Economic Forum, an agreement was signed between the Yaroslavl Region and the Vologda manufacturer of Trolleybus Trans-Alpha on construction in the city of Rybinsk Factory for the production of 600 pieces per year. Investments in the project will amount to 2 billion rubles. One electric office Trans-Alpha is already transporting passengers on the city of Rybinsk. The plant in the Yaroslavl region will become the second platform for Trans-Alpha, one of the leading manufacturers of electric transport in the Russian Federation. The first production works in Vologda and
New owners are now developing an electric destination. While the only model of Trans-Alpha is the Sirius model. For the first time, she was presented back in 2019, but it was finalized and at the end of May, the exhibition of electric transport in St. Petersburg was submitted to the court of spectators and professionals. He retained a new fiberglass mask with «spreading» sections of headlights, however, he received higher falseboard on the roof.
Rechargeable batteries are hidden inside the body, the stock of energy in them should be enough for mileage up to 240 km. There are less energy-made versions, calculated only by 60 km run, it all depends on the wishes of the customer.
But what is interesting. In the same Vologda, the second manufacturer of trolley buses appeared — the young company Alkor. It was founded from Trans-Alpha, when the enterprise was on the verge of closure. We plan to tell about this brand. But today it will be about the electrobus «Alkor».
The design of the car is interesting. The front is a little reminds new MAZ. Generic trait from Trans-Alpha remains — this is a cutout of a window line in the middle of the left side. The body is made on the steel frame — and it is covered with fiberglass panels. Capacity 86 passengers, and seating — 35. Lighting is completely LED, there is also USB charging. Motion is driven by a 140 kW engine. Bridges — ZF brands. The capacity of the batteries did not report, but it is known that they should be enough for mileage up to 180 km. But the principle of charging is different from KAMAZ-6292 competitor — it is produced at night, in the park, through the cable, from the network 380 V.
The cost of Vologda electricians from Trans-Alpha and Alcora is 30 million rubles. Of course, an ordinary diesel bus will cost cheaper, as well as trolleybus. Recall that the trolleybuses of Vologda production in the minimum configuration are pulled by 20 million.
But by another model of the domestic electric equipment can not be passed by. Electrobe in the near future will still be a city type of transport. And this means that he needs to master powerful passenger traffic of urban routes. And here the optimal rolling stock will see the articulated models.
The main exhibit of the exhibition in St. Petersburg, which was held at the end of May, was the articraft electro-harmonica model 6245, which introduced the company «Transport Systems». Yes, yes, this is the same company that supplies in Moscow articulated trams «Vityaz-M». The inscription «Made in St. Petersburg» became the most striking exhibit, given the unusual design, bright color and illumination in the cabin. Details about it are still a little, since this is the first copy of the cook, which will be sent for tests and certification.
Capacity of this articulated model of 140 passengers. The framework of the articulated body is made of stainless steel, and body panels from aluminum and composites. The drive is carried out on both rear ZF bridges, and since they are electrical (with motor-wheels), the floor of the electrobe is completely smooth.
In addition to bridges and compressor, all elements, including power electronics and a control system, domestic production. Also, Russian are PCEC batteries (ENGels. The stated stock reserve is 200 km, and the maximum charging time is six hours from the 380 volt network.
The nearest competitor is the articraft electric office KAMAZ-6292, he, by the way, will soon begin to come for operation in the Mosgortrans. Camaz capacity — 135 passes., Sitting places — 42. Also, as well as for the electrobus solo, it takes 40-60 minutes for charging at the end stop.
Who decided on an electric office?
It is clear that while the cost of electrical curses above, rather than ordinary trolleybuses or buses with DVS. This is a factor that repels municipal transport companies from the choice of an innovative type of rolling stock. However, if suddenly as part of an improvement in ecology
Today, in addition to the capital, the first steps in the electric destination makes Peter, and Kazan. That is, the three Russian capitals are pioneers in the promotion of electrical transport.
The plans of St. Petersburg are announced by the heads of the Profile Department. Smolny strategy looks like this: 1600 buses of the GUP «Passengentrans» (PAT) should be replaced by gas automotive buses and electrical structures in equal shares. For this there will be enough two fleets of electric drives. One will be on Rzhevka, the place for another park is looking for. St. Petersburg still makes the first cautious steps — the first batch of 10 cars was purchased, and next year there are 40 more electricians. Operating experience will be taken into account and changes to the case market will be made.
The deputy head of the executive committee of Kazan Ildar Shakirov said that electric structures could soon appear in the capital of Tatarstan. «We are studying this issue,» he said.