Why Russia remained without Škoda10 октября, 2021
Today it will be not about well-known passenger cars of the Czech brand, but about a few other. The fact is that even recently this name was not only cars, but also buses, trolley buses and even trucks.
About trucks that later received the name Liaz, our channel
After the joining of Crimea in 2014, the old Trolleybuses ŠKODA remained in its trolleybus park. It is noteworthy that in the RSFSR, as the Russian Federation was called then, the trolleybuses of such a brand were not supplied and in the cities of Russia afternoon with fire they will not find the Trolleybuses of the ŠKODA brand.
The main supplier of «horned» transport to Russian cities was the factory named after Uritsky (ZIU), located in Engels of the Saratov region. The company in those years released the Trolleybus ZiU-9 model, then its upgraded version of ZIU-682.
But in the Union republics, the capital and other unstable cities of which had a trolleybus message, equipped their parks with trolley buses supplied from the Czechoslovatsky Socialist Republic (Czech Republic). Such was the planned distribution of rolling stock.
The fact is that during the reign of Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev began an interesting process —
So, the capacious market of our country, consisting of 15 union republics and more than a hundred trolleybus cities, divided between the Soviet manufacturer of ZiU and Czech ŠKODA.
And now they will answer the question, how did Czech trolleybuses come to Russia? After all, the distribution system of the planned Soviet economy did not give failures.
The Skoda 9TR model was produced from 1961 to 1982 by the Czechoslovak enterprise «Skoda-Island»
If for all the time from the Czech Republic in the Soviet Union, more than 5,000 trolley buses of this model were delivered, then only in the Ukrainian SSR, the number of Czechoslovak trolley buses was more than 3,000 pieces. Naturally, the Crimean Peninsula, as part of this Federal Republic of Distributors and Funds, received the Škoda model.
Everything is simple. In addition, there was a unique intercity trolleybus route of Simferopol-Yalta, laid by actually the mountain route. Here a couple of words must be said about this route.
It was opened in 1959, a length of 96 km, he is the attraction of Crimea. It was the first example of the concern for ecology — long before the current world passion and escapaad of the Swedish teen Greta Tunberg. After all, Crimea has always been the main Soviet resort, and the trolleybuses did not pollute his unique air.
Today on this highway a monument to the Crimean trolleybus in the form of the ŠKODA 9TR model in the Angarsk pass in 2012 was established. And four years later, when the Crimea was already as part of the Russian Federation, all models operating on this long-distance track were written off. True, according to Krymchan, they did not cut them on scrap metal. They are all standing in removal.
But the biggest long-liver was the Trolleybus ŠKODA 9TR, who worked on the simferopol route network and was written off in 2018. It was the last copy that worked in the territory of the Russian Federation.
The unfair reader will ask: Well, what is this legendary trolleybus?
For the USSR, a special two-door modification was manufactured. It was associated with the Soviet fare payment system — passengers enter the back door, where the conductor is located, and go through the front. In the USSR, a small number of three-door machines was supplied, but they were blocked by the middle door on the machines designed for the high-doorway, they aligned the floor and installed additional places. ŠKODA 9TR was a pretty comfortable car at the expense of seven-way seats and the heating of the cabin, the domestic models exceeded this criterion. For example, in domestic ziu-9, even in a small frost was very cold. What you can not say about Škoda 9tr, although they were supplied in the republic with a softer climate.
Time confirmed that ŠKODA 9TR turned out to be a very reliable machine — some copies worked over 40 (!!!) years.
But at the beginning of the 80s of the last century, the trolleybus was modernized and at the request of the customer made it three-door. So the upgraded version of ŠKODA 14TR appeared. The cars were distinguished by a more modern angular design. These trolleybuses in 1982-83 began to go to the cities of Baltic States — Vilnius and Riga, and then to other Union republics — Georgia, Estonia and in the city of Ukraine.
For example, in 600-thousand Vilnius, these trolleybuses were the main type of public transport. They successfully fited into the narrow streets of the center of the medieval city, they mastered the powerful passenger traffic of the Republican Center from the bedrooms.
It is curious that the trolleybus control system of this model was teis (thyristoro-pulsed control system). She published such a rolling sound, so evil tongues called this model «musical». But, comfort, all the same trolleybus was at the level — semi-minded seats, an effective heating system, etc. That is, all the best passed from the predecessor to a new car.
Made of these trolley buses there were only more than 3,800 pieces, and in the supply of the USSR from the Czech Republic, most of them came to the cities of Ukraine. Including these trolley buses and the Crimean Depot. But the most interesting thing is that this model of Czech trolley buses was bought in San Francisco and Dayton in the United States. The country where the trolleybus is not practiced.
In Russia in the 90s and zero years in the context of the deficit of funds in the core municipal budgets, a number of cities were taken by second-hand cars. So, in 2000, Rostov-on-Don took a party of Brno Škoda 14tr from the Czech city of Brno. These were forced measures.
As for the Crimean trolleybus, then there in 2017-2020 there was a mass oligation of a trolleybus park. Czech trolleybuses were replaced with Russian models — the trolleybuses «Megapolis» Engels production and Vologda «Avangards». This is the story of Skoda Czech Trolleybuses on the expanses of the former USSR and Russia.
Used photos from the site stts.mosfont